Placenta Accreta, Placenta Increta, and Placenta Percreta

August 13, 2010

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Placenta accreta is a condition in which the placenta attaches itself too deeply into the uterine wall.

There are three forms of this condition:

  • Placenta accreta- A condition where the placenta attaches abnormally deeply in the wall of the uterus, but does not penetrate the muscle. This occurs in 75-78 percent of cases.
  • Placenta increta- A condition in which the placenta attaches even deeper into the uterine wall, to the uterine muscle
  • Placenta percreta- A condition in which the placenta penetrates and extends through the wall of the uterus, often attaching to another organ. This occurs in 5-7 percent of cases.

What are the Risks for Developing Placenta Accreta?

There is a higher incidence of placenta accreta in women with the following:

  • diagnosis of placenta previa
  • previous Caesarian (C-Section)
  • the mother is more than 35 years old
  • multiple previous pregnancies
  • previous uterine surgery
  • previous D&C

Is Placenta Accreta Dangerous?

Placenta accreta can cause premature delivery. It also may cause hemorrhaging in the mother

What is the Treatment for Placenta Accreta?

The treatment for placenta accreta is primarily a caesarian birth. Your health care provider will monitor your pregnancy closely and schedule a caesarian delivery with a surgery following to remove the placenta.

If caesarian delivery is not arranged, it could result in risk of hemorrhage and hysterectomy.

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