Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome And Effects

August 13, 2010



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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is a term which describes the variety of effects that occur from prenatal exposure to alcohol. These effects include mental and behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, and physical disorders.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), Partial FAS, Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ARND), Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) are all parts of the umbrella of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is associated with deficient growth both before and after birth, mental retardation, behavior problems, and a group of minor facial abnormalities.

Children with FAS may have congenital defects of the heart and brain. Many FAS children suffer with learning disabilities and disorders such as ADD and ADHD. Some suffer from mild mental retardation.

FAS is entirely preventable, but is the most common known cause of mental retardation and developmental disabilities.

Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE)

Fetal Alcohol Effects is a term for less severe effects that occur with prenatal alcohol exposure. Even just one episode of binge drinking during pregnancy can cause FAE. Children with FAE don’t have the obvious facial abnormalities that FAS children have, but they may still have serious behavioral and learning disabilities.

Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ARND)

Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ARND) is a term used to describe patients with central nervous system damage such as structural, neurological, or functional disorders.

ARND is brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. It causes disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Sensory Integration Disorder (SID), and Learning Disabilities (LD).

Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD)

Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) is a term given to physical disorders which result from prenatal alcohol exposure.

Every year as many as 40,000 newborns are born with FASD. FASD is a permanent condition. Some symptoms may be treatable, but FASD is forever. This disorder is completely, 100% preventable.

Do not consume alcohol while you are pregnant. If you have a drinking problem, speak to your health care provider and get help before you get pregnant or as early as possible.
The more alcohol you drink, the more serious the effects and risks are for your baby. There is no known safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Don’t take a chance, stay away from alcohol when you are pregnant.




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